[Blackstudies-l] The Atlantic Slave Trade Interactive Map

Maria Lima lima at geneseo.edu
Fri Jun 26 12:46:14 EDT 2015


   ivetteromero posted: " Still mesmerized (and yes, a bit nauseous). Many
thanks to Michael O'Neal for sharing this article by Jamelle Bouie and
interactive map designed by Slate’s Andrew Kahn. This map gives you a sense
of the scale of the trans-Atlantic slave trade across t"    Respond to this
post by replying above this line
      New post on *Repeating Islands*
<http://repeatingislands.com/author/ivetteromero/>  The Atlantic Slave
Trade in Two Minutes
<http://repeatingislands.com/2015/06/26/the-atlantic-slave-trade-in-two-minutes/>
by
ivetteromero <http://repeatingislands.com/author/ivetteromero/>

*[image: SlaveShip.gif.CROP.promo-mediumlarge]
<https://repeatingislands.files.wordpress.com/2015/06/slaveship-crop-promo-mediumlarge.gif>*

*Still mesmerized (and yes, a bit nauseous). Many thanks to Michael O'Neal
for sharing this article by Jamelle Bouie and interactive map designed by
Slate’s Andrew Kahn. This map gives you a sense of the scale of the
trans-Atlantic slave trade across time, as well as the flow of transport—we
can see the flow of 15,790 slave ships in two minutes. Unfortunately, my
obsessive compulsive side kicked in; if you pause the map and click on a
dot, you’ll learn about the ship’s flag, its provenance and destination. A
sobering exercise, indeed. [And yeah, North America “was a bit player,” as
the article points out, but a player nevertheless…] Here are excerpts of
the article with a link to the full piece and interactive map!*

Usually, when we say “American slavery” or the “American slave trade,” we
mean the American colonies or, later, the United States. But as we
discussed in Episode 2 of Slate’s History of American Slavery Academy
<http://www.slate.com/articles/life/the_history_of_american_slavery/2015/06/history_of_american_slavery_olaudah_equiano_and_life_aboard_a_slave_ship.html>,
relative to the entire slave trade, North America was a bit player. From
the trade’s beginning in the 16th century to its conclusion in the 19th,
slave merchants brought the vast majority of enslaved Africans to two
places: the Caribbean and Brazil. Of the more than 10 million enslaved
Africans to eventually reach the Western Hemisphere, just 388,747—less than
4 percent of the total—came to North America. This was dwarfed by the 1.3
million brought to Spanish Central America, the 4 million brought to
British, French, Dutch, and Danish holdings in the Caribbean, and the 4.8
million brought to Brazil.

This interactive, designed and built by Slate’s Andrew Kahn, gives you a
sense of the scale of the trans-Atlantic slave trade across time, as well
as the flow of transport and eventual destinations. The dots—which
represent individual slave ships—also correspond to the size of each
voyage. The larger the dot, the more enslaved people on board. And if you
pause the map and click on a dot, you’ll learn about the ship’s flag—was it
British? Portuguese? French?—its origin point, its destination, and its
history in the slave trade. The interactive animates more than 20,000
voyages cataloged in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database
<http://slavevoyages.org/tast/index.faces>. [. . .]

There are a few trends worth noting. As the first European states with a
major presence in the New World, Portugal and Spain dominate the opening
century of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, sending hundreds of thousands of
enslaved people to their holdings in Central and South America and the
Caribbean. The Portuguese role doesn’t wane and increases through the 17th,
18th, and 19th centuries, as Portugal brings millions of enslaved Africans
to the Americas.

In the 1700s, however, Spanish transport diminishes and is replaced (and
exceeded) by British, French, Dutch, and—by the end of the century—American
activity. This hundred years—from approximately 1725 to 1825—is also the
high-water mark of the slave trade, as Europeans send more than 7.2 million
people to forced labor, disease, and death in the New World. For a time
during this period, British transport even exceeds Portugal’s.

In the final decades of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, Portugal reclaims
its status as the leading slavers, sending 1.3 million people to the
Western Hemisphere, and mostly to Brazil. Spain also returns as a leading
nation in the slave trade, sending 400,000 to the West. The rest of the
European nations, by contrast, have largely ended their roles in the trade.
By the conclusion of the trans-Atlantic slave trade at the end of the
19th century, Europeans had enslaved and transported more than 12.5 million
Africans. At least 2 million, historians estimate, didn’t survive the
journey.

For full article and interactive map, see
http://www.slate.com/articles/life/the_history_of_american_slavery/2015/06/animated_interactive_of_the_history_of_the_atlantic_slave_trade.html?wpsrc=sh_all_dt_tw_top
  *ivetteromero <http://repeatingislands.com/author/ivetteromero/>* | June
26, 2015 at 12:16 pm | Tags: slavery
<http://repeatingislands.com/?tag=slavery>, slaveships
<http://repeatingislands.com/?tag=slaveships>, The Atlantic Slave
<http://repeatingislands.com/?tag=the-atlantic-slave> | Categories: History
<http://repeatingislands.com/?cat=678> | URL: http://wp.me/psnTa-lvl

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