[Blackstudies-l] World Albinism Awareness Day was June 13

Maria Lima lima at geneseo.edu
Wed Jun 19 09:21:47 EDT 2019

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13 June 2019

Being Comfortable in their Own Skin

To commemorate World Albinism Awareness Day on June 13, Nigerian
photographer Yetunde Ayeni-Babaeko was inspired to create a photo series
and exhibition to capture the beauty of people with albinism. Ayeni-Babaeko
spent more than one year working closely with members of the Albino
Foundation. The result is a series of powerful and thought provoking images
titled "White Ebony," in conjunction with SMO Contemporary Arts, showing in
Lagos until July 19. Persons with albinism often have yellowish or white
hair and skin, the exact color depending on how much melanin their body
produces. It is a genetic condition that leads to little or no pigment in
the eyes, skin and hair. In countries such as Malawi and Tanzania they can
be kidnapped and dismembered for body parts, fetching up to $75,000,
according to a United Nations report. The UN also warned in 2016 that
persons with albinism were facing extinction in Malawi, which has around
10,000 people with albinism, the agency said. Taiwo Olateju is peering at a
photo of himself and his twin brother and memories of a dark time come
flooding back. He remembers when he considered suicide because of his skin
color. Olateju says he is afraid to walk on the streets of Lagos, Nigeria,
where he works as a model and fashion designer, because of these widespread
superstitious beliefs.
Africa Now has the Highest Prevalence of Child Labor in the World

Beate Andrees, Chief of the International Labor Organization’s Fundamental
Principles and Rights at Work Branch, told VOA that children trapped in the
worst forms of child labor, such as debt bondage and prostitution, suffer
irreparable physical and psychological harm. Children as young as five are
among the 152 million victims of child labor. Many of them work long hours,
for little or no pay, under abusive, slave-like conditions. Despite this
worrying trend, Andrees said she was heartened to see the African Union
taking decisive measures to tackle this problem.  She noted the AU is
developing a ten-year action plan to accelerate the elimination of child
labor in line with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. The SDG’s call
for the elimination of child labor by 2025.  However, if the current pace
of reduction in child labor is maintained, Andrees warns this mark will be
missed by a wide margin.
Thousands of Eritreans Wage a Social Media Campaign to Force Change

They hope that the overthrow of neighbouring Sudan's long-serving ruler
Omar al-Bashir will give impetus to their efforts to oust President Isaias
Afwerki. The campaign - under the hashtag #Enough in Tigrinya, Arabic and
other Eritrean languages - has been driven by young Eritreans living mostly
in Europe and the US because of repression in their home country. It has
won the support of a cross range of people - from veterans of the struggle
for independence to music stars like Robel Michel and Yohannes Tikabo,
popularly known as Wedi Tikabo.Washington DC resident Amanuel Dawa was
among those who started the campaign, challenging people to break their
fear by identifying themselves and speaking out against Africa's only
one-party state."I started this initiative because I needed to know how
long we would keep hiding our identities in this fight. The main agenda was
to make ourselves visible and convey our message to the people of Eritrea
as well as to the government," Mr Amanuel told BBC Tigrinya. The leader of
the youth wing of the ruling party in the UK, Sirak Bahlibi, has described
it as probably the "worst smear campaign to be ever waged on social media",
while the pro-government TesfaNews website has accused the Tigray People's
Liberation Front (TPLF) rebel group of being behind the #Enough campaign -
a charge denied by Mr Amanuel.
Beating the Bulge in South Africa

Data from South Africa has shown that over two thirds of young women are
overweight and obese. This predisposes them to non-communicable diseases
such as diabetes and hypertension. Most women are not exercising enough,
and consumption of processed and calorie-dense foods and high amounts of
sugar is common. It was this knowledge that sparked the establishment of
the Health Life Trajectories Initiative. It’s being run in South Africa,
India, China and Canada and aims to provide interventions that can help
young women stay healthy before, during and after pregnancy. In South
Africa, this randomised controlled trial will provide one-on-one support as
well as peer group sessions to over 6000 young women. The idea is provide
them with information, and to help them set and maintain goals for
healthier lifestyles.
Sexual Predators Brought to Book

Hundreds of men in Uganda have been jailed for sexual offences against
girls and women during a month of special court sessions to clear a backlog
of cases. Between November and December last year, 414 men and nine women
were found guilty during 13 trials held in selected courts in 13 districts
around the country, according to the justice, law and order sector, a body
that brings together government ministries working on legal matters. The
perpetrators were handed sentences ranging from community service to up to
50 years in jail. Activists and campaigners have welcomed the convictions,
which they described as “decisive action” that sends a strong message. “We
applaud the gesture of special court sessions on GBV [gender-based
violence]. Convicting more than 400 perpetrators is an exciting and
welcomed landmark,” said Simon Richard Mugenyi, advocacy and communications
manager at Reproductive Health Uganda. The Ugandan police crime report
recorded 14,985 cases of defilement (sexual assault on a person under 18)
and 1,335 rape cases in 2017. The report said prosecutions for gender-based
violence needed to be handled with greater sensitivity towards survivors.
Whose Tweet is it Anyways?

South Africa has experienced an upsurge of Twitter bots in recent years,
aimed at influencing political discourse and public opinion with seemingly
no way to recognise them when they tweet in a language other than English.
However, a new tool will allow the detection of these bots, regardless of
what language is used. A Twitter bot is a type of software that controls a
Twitter account and can autonomously perform actions such as tweeting,
re-tweeting, liking, following, unfollowing, and direct messaging. A new
application, developed by researchers at the University of Eastern Finland
and Linnaeus University in Sweden, is able to detect auto-generated tweets
independent of the language used relying on machine learning. Machine
learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that uses methods of data
analysis to perform a task without using explicit instructions but patterns
and inference instead.
How the Spread of Ebola Could Have been Avoided

The DRC is where the Ebola virus was first discovered in 1976. And the
country is no stranger to this menace – this is the ninth time it has had
to contain the disease. Still, this outbreak is the second largest on
record – and the second to have crossed into another country. That a new
outbreak of Ebola virus would happen was a question of when, not if. Yet a
situation as dire as the West African outbreak should not repeat itself
given that many problems were solved in 2014-16. For starters, a vaccine
with 97.5% efficacy should stop new outbreaks in their tracks. Simple
hospital laboratory tests to diagnose Ebola have also been distributed
across Africa, the GeneXpert machine. New cases can be rapidly detected if
early symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore
throat, are recognised. Even a solution for screening suspected cases in
the community or among travellers at border crossings is available. Any new
Ebola outbreak should, in theory, never have involved more than tens of
people. Today, the numbers in the Congo and Uganda stand at 2,071 cases and
1,396 deaths. But the latest outbreak brings a new set of challenges. There
have been armed attacks against healthcare workers and treatment centres
have been firebombed.
Mali in Mourning

On Sunday night, armed assailants attacked the ethnic Dogon village of
Sobane-Kou, in the Mopti region of central Mali, killing dozens of people.
Survivors said the attackers surrounded the village of roughly 300
inhabitants, setting homes ablaze and slaughtering farm animals in an
hours-long assault that also left 24 children dead. The latest attack has
left the government reeling, with President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita warning
that his country now faces an existential crisis as he called on Malians to
unite to "allow our nation to survive, because this is a question of
survival". After the March attack, the prime minister and his government
resigned amid intense criticism over the failure to deal with the
deteriorating security situation. Analysts told Al Jazeera that unless
there was dialogue between all parties and accountability for victims of
attacks then community grievances would continue to flare and perpetuate
the cycle of violence.
Solving Nigeria’s 900,000 Housing Deficit With Blockchain

Rising population, rapid urban migration and uncoordinated policy direction
of the government are some of the critical factors deepening the housing
gap. Because of the scale of this deficit, innovative investment solutions
are all-important right now. Crowdfunding is a permissionless way of
raising money. So far, the trend of pooling capital from several retail
investors to finance a new or existing business venture has proven
successful in Nigeria. The growth of AgricTech platforms has provided a
template for other poorly funded areas of the country. Thrive Agric, which
crowdfunds investments for smallholder farmers, have funded more 14, 000
farmers with over ₦180 million ($500,000) raised in February, 2019 alone;
and providing returns of up to 20 per cent for retail investors. Currently,
there are up to ten different crowdfunding startups providing value in the
agric space. Tokenisation on the blockchain makes it possible to represent
ownership in a property on an open, distributed digital ledger. Simply, it
means converting rights to an asset into a digital token. Hypothetically,
say an apartment of 50, 000 square metres cost N30,000,000. That can be
converted into 500,000 tokens (a token representing 10 square
metres). Though blockchain is nascent and there are still few regulations
around the industry, there are some apparent advantages to tokenising
crowdfunded real estate projects.
The Youngest Goalkeeper to Keep a Clean Sheet at the Women's World Cup

The Super Falcons earned their first victory at the 2019 Women's World Cup
yesterday with a 2-0 win over South Korea. It was a necessary second game
win for the Nigerian team, after suffering a loss to Norway in their first
match-up. The goals against South Korea came from an own-goal and a
wonderful show of pace and strength from 24-year-old Nigerian forward,
Asisat Oshoala. But, there was another star of the match: Nigerian
goalkeeper Chiamaka Nnadozie. After the defeat against Norway, Nigerian
coach Thomas Dennerby opted to replace the veteran goalie Tochukwu Oluehi
with the new youngster, who at only 18-years-old became the youngest keeper
to keep a clean sheet at the Women's World Cup, according to the popular
football stats page OptaJoe. Nnadozie stepped up and made some essential
saves during the game to keep the South Korean team at bay. There was only
one instance where her clean sheet may have gotten lost, a play in which a
South Korean goal was ruled offside. The 2-0 win puts the Super Falcons in
good form as they prepare to face the hosts France in their final group
stage match. OptaJoe also notes that, with their win over South Korea, the
Nigerian team become the first ever African side to win their second group
stage game at a Women's World cup.
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