[Blackstudies-l] How Decades of Racist Housing Policy Left Neighborhoods Sweltering

Maria Lima lima at geneseo.edu
Sun Aug 30 10:27:39 EDT 2020


Weather shouldn’t discriminate.
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August 29, 2020
Alexander Xavier, 5, and Apollo, 3, play in a Gilpin Court courtyard, a
public housing complex in Richmond, Va.Brian Palmer for The New York Times
Decades of racist housing policy left a mark on the climate.
0

By Nadja Popovich and Brad Plumer

On Monday, The New York Times published a visual article
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/iTGkj_0j5JBPOeskmhyzFg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0T6aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vaW50ZXJhY3RpdmUvMjAyMC8wOC8yNC9jbGltYXRlL3JhY2lzbS1yZWRsaW5pbmctY2l0aWVzLWdsb2JhbC13YXJtaW5nLmh0bWw_Y2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDA4MjkmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MjE3MTcmbmw9cmFjZSUyRnJlbGF0ZWQmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NyZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTM3MTU4JnRlPTEmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNVcDbnl0QgoAN1M1Sl_FA9i2UhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>
about how decades of racist housing policies across the United States have
left many Black and Hispanic neighborhoods more vulnerable to the rising
temperatures of climate change. Ms. Popovich and Mr. Plumer, who cover
climate for the Times, gave us a rundown of the project.

Weather shouldn’t discriminate. Yet in cities like Baltimore, Portland,
Ore., and New York, neighborhoods that are lower-income and have more Black
or Hispanic residents can be up to 20 degrees hotter on a scorching summer
day compared to whiter, wealthier parts of the same city.

The areas often have less cooling tree cover and more heat-absorbing
pavement from roads, parking lots and courtyards. But researchers have
recently been asking a deeper question: How did these neighborhoods come to
have less tree cover and more pavement in the first place?

We wanted to help answer this question for our readers.

One powerful clue came from a series of maps
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/DlGU8KKA7DHnFio7HmjPyw~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0T3aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAxNy8wOC8yNC91cHNob3QvaG93LXJlZGxpbmluZ3MtcmFjaXN0LWVmZmVjdHMtbGFzdGVkLWZvci1kZWNhZGVzLmh0bWw_Y2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDA4MjkmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MjE3MTcmbmw9cmFjZSUyRnJlbGF0ZWQmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NyZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTM3MTU4JnRlPTEmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNVcDbnl0QgoAN1M1Sl_FA9i2UhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>
drawn up by the federal government in the 1930s that rated neighborhoods in
major U.S. cities based on their suitability for real estate investment.
Race was a key factor in the grades: Black neighborhoods were typically
outlined in red and deemed unsuitable for housing loans and federal aid.
Economists have shown that the practice of redlining left a lasting mark on
cities, exacerbating segregation and racial wealth inequalities.
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It also left a mark on the climate. Across more than 100 cities nationwide, a
recent study found
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/YR9op_fAk9N6VnJbWaXXng~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TBaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubWRwaS5jb20vMjIyNS0xMTU0LzgvMS8xMi9odG0_Y2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDA4MjkmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MjE3MTcmbmw9cmFjZSUyRnJlbGF0ZWQmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NyZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTM3MTU4JnRlPTEmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNVcDbnl0QgoAN1M1Sl_FA9i2UhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>
, formerly redlined neighborhoods are 5 degrees hotter on average today
than areas that were not redlined.

We focused our story on Richmond, Va., where crowds this summer tore down
Confederate monuments and protested police brutality
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/v7PJjuTlsuJociixL0TGrQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TZaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wNi8yMy9zdHlsZS9zdGF0dWUtcmljaG1vbmQtbGVlLmh0bWw_Y2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDA4MjkmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MjE3MTcmbmw9cmFjZSUyRnJlbGF0ZWQmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NyZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTM3MTU4JnRlPTEmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNVcDbnl0QgoAN1M1Sl_FA9i2UhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>.
We talked to historians about how redlining and other racist city planning
policies transformed Black neighborhoods and left them with fewer parks and
trees. We visited Richmond and interviewed residents about their experience
with rising heat. And we used maps to reveal the links between redlining
and higher temperatures.

The story is a stark reminder that global warming won’t affect everyone
equally. Heat waves are more dangerous for people living in older housing
units that are harder to cool, for people who live near highways with high
levels of pollution, and for those who don’t have ready access to health
care or healthy food. As we show, these factors have been deeply influenced
by discriminatory housing and planning policies over many decades.
Lombardy Park in Richmond, Va. provides green space.Brian Palmer for The
New York Times

As summers become more sweltering, the city’s residents are growing
increasingly aware of heat inequality. “We used to just say, ‘oh it’s
summer, of course it’s hot,” said Ii’Jeana James, 19, who grew up in
Richmond’s formerly redlined Southside and recalls her asthma flaring up
during the summer months.
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Two years ago, she participated in an effort with the Science Museum of
Virginia to drive around the city and map hot spots
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/xS64REplFyH3IJ9NgnnM8g~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP4QEAWh0dHBzOi8vdG9vbGtpdC5jbGltYXRlLmdvdi9jYXNlLXN0dWRpZXMvd2hlcmUtZG8td2UtbmVlZC1zaGFkZS1tYXBwaW5nLXVyYmFuLWhlYXQtaXNsYW5kcy1yaWNobW9uZC12aXJnaW5pYT9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>.
“That was pretty eye-opening,” she said. “You can see in some neighborhoods
there’s cement and asphalt everywhere, with no trees along the sidewalks.
There’s a reason these places are so hot.”

City officials are now grappling with these disparities as they draw up new
plans to adapt to climate change by, for example, adding more green space
to cool off sweltering neighborhoods. “We have a long way to go to fight
the effects of racist housing policies,” Richmond Mayor Levar Stoney wrote
in a Facebook post
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responding to our story. “We’re working toward a cooler future for our
entire city, with a focus on those who need it most.”

We hope you can spend some time with the full project
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/iTGkj_0j5JBPOeskmhyzFg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0T6aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vaW50ZXJhY3RpdmUvMjAyMC8wOC8yNC9jbGltYXRlL3JhY2lzbS1yZWRsaW5pbmctY2l0aWVzLWdsb2JhbC13YXJtaW5nLmh0bWw_Y2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDA4MjkmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MjE3MTcmbmw9cmFjZSUyRnJlbGF0ZWQmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NyZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTM3MTU4JnRlPTEmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNVcDbnl0QgoAN1M1Sl_FA9i2UhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>,
which includes maps, charts, and stunning photography by Brian Palmer, a
Richmond-based freelance visual journalist.
What hurricanes can teach us about environmental justice
BioLab industrial site burns following Hurricane Laura, near Lake Charles,
La. on Thursday.William Widmer for The New York Times
0

By John Schwartz and Hiroko Tabuchi
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The Louisiana and Texas coastlines, which have endured many storms over the
decades, are studded with sprawling facilities that produce fuel, plastics
and other products. And while no one is safe when a hurricane strikes, poor
and largely Black neighborhoods often located near industrial sites are
particularly vulnerable.

Biolab Inc., a chemical factory that caught fire Thursday after Hurricane
Laura tore through western Louisiana, is one of more than a dozen
industrial facilities located near communities where residents have long
been exposed to the pollution that modern chemical manufacturing produces.

Communities close to industrial sites, such as neighborhoods in Mossville,
La., and Port Arthur, Texas, live with pollution levels that affect health
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/G18J063GDYfq5jFmz1DcZA~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TlaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wNS8xNy9jbGltYXRlL3BvbGx1dGlvbi1wb3ZlcnR5LWNvcm9uYXZpcnVzLmh0bWw_Y2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDA4MjkmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MjE3MTcmbmw9cmFjZSUyRnJlbGF0ZWQmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NyZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTM3MTU4JnRlPTEmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNVcDbnl0QgoAN1M1Sl_FA9i2UhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>.
“The fence-line community is the one that’s bearing the burden of pollution
and industrial encroachment,” said Dr. Robert Bullard, a professor of urban
planning and environmental policy at Texas Southern University and
co-chairman of the National Black Environmental Justice Network
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/CDRRgP51vEtiaRsg9OS1Cw~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0SuaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubmJlam4uY29tLz9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>,
an advocacy group devoted to addressing racism. “It’s just that simple,” he
said.

President Obama had moved to strengthen chemical disaster rules, adopting
new regulations that would, among other measures, better disclose what
hazardous chemicals are stored at industrial facilities and require
companies to submit to independent investigations after accidents. But
after lobbying by a coalition of chemical and fossil fuel industry groups,
who argued that the new rules would “impose costly and burdensome
obligations on facilities
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/6Q8mqBDabwm_7rw4gT6UQw~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP4QHAWh0dHBzOi8vd3d3LmVwYS5nb3Yvc2l0ZXMvcHJvZHVjdGlvbi9maWxlcy8yMDE5LTA2L2RvY3VtZW50cy9ybXBfY29hbGl0aW9uX3JtcF9yZWNvbnNpZGVyYXRpb25fcGV0aXRpb25fNTA4LnBkZj9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>,”
the Trump administration reversed those stricter standards.

The E.P.A. estimates that the rollback will save Americans roughly $88
million per year. However, the changes mean that it will be more difficult
for local communities, as well as emergency responders like firefighters,
to know what hazardous chemicals are stored at local industrial sites.
Westlake, a small community across the river from Lake Charles that is
surrounded by industrial plants, is obscured by smoke from a large fire in
a BioLab industrial site across the interstate.William Widmer for The New
York Times

When Hurricane Harvey hit Houston and the surrounding area in 2017, pollution
followed
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46 facilities in 13 counties reported an estimated 4.6 million pounds of
airborne emissions that exceeded state limits
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and at least 14 toxic waste sites were flooded or damaged, raising fears of
waterborne contamination. Floodwaters inundated a chemical plant in the
suburb of Crosby, damaging a cooling system at the site and triggering an
explosion
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/1OBWFubE-390_iWi-FSRJA~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0ToaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAxNy8wOC8zMS91cy90ZXhhcy1jaGVtaWNhbC1wbGFudC1leHBsb3Npb24tYXJrZW1hLmh0bWw_Y2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDA4MjkmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MjE3MTcmbmw9cmFjZSUyRnJlbGF0ZWQmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NyZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTM3MTU4JnRlPTEmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNVcDbnl0QgoAN1M1Sl_FA9i2UhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>
.

Up the coast from Houston toward Louisiana, the industrial area known as
the Golden Triangle contains many large refineries and chemical plants.
Port Arthur has the Motiva oil refinery, North America’s largest. Beaumont
has a major Exxon Mobil refinery, and refineries along the Sabine-Neches
ship channel make
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/eib6lhZjFYGX9YQUvnX9iQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TdaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cucG9ydG9mYmVhdW1vbnQuY29tL2J1c2luZXNzLXdpdGgtdGhlLXBvcnQvdHJhbnNwb3J0YXRpb24vP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
most of the nation’s military jet fuel.

Farther east, the city of Orange has dozens of chemical plants, and, across
the Sabine River, which separates Texas from Louisiana, the chain
continues, with Lake Charles home to a cluster of major chemical plants,
including the Sasol Chemicals complex, owned by a South African company. Many
more plants are planned
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/2mX8tkm8MIIp9ib3emQStA~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TvaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubm9sYS5jb20vbmV3cy9lbnZpcm9ubWVudC9hcnRpY2xlXzQ5ZmU0NTQwLWY3NGEtMTFlOS04ZDIwLWViMGY5NzMyM2I5MS5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
.

“This whole area is target rich for a hurricane, with serious environmental
consequences,” said Jim Blackburn, the co-director of Rice University’s
Severe Storm Prediction, Education and Evacuation From Disaster Center.

[Read more
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/fASVFXnHf-Km3iYUU45fYQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TmaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNy9jbGltYXRlL2h1cnJpY2FuZS1sYXVyYS1maXJlLXBvbGx1dGlvbi5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
about how Laura and other storms have caused the release of toxic
substances, often affecting majority Black and Hispanic communities.]

If you want more climate change news in your inbox, consider signing
up for Climate
Fwd:
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/TmPRSxRkbPyw58l7PruAvA~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TKaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vbmV3c2xldHRlcnMvY2xpbWF0ZS1jaGFuZ2U_Y2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDA4MjkmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MjE3MTcmbmw9cmFjZSUyRnJlbGF0ZWQmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NyZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTM3MTU4JnRlPTEmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNVcDbnl0QgoAN1M1Sl_FA9i2UhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>,
a weekly newsletter focused on the impacts of and solutions to global
warming.
Around the Web

Here are a few stories about race and ethnicity that we recommend, beyond
The Times.

Angela Davis On This Moment — and What Came Before [Vanity Fair
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/yXH_QWi04HS_-6X5rv5BMQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TwaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cudmFuaXR5ZmFpci5jb20vY3VsdHVyZS8yMDIwLzA4L2FuZ2VsYS1kYXZpcy1hbmQtYXZhLWR1dmVybmF5LWluLWNvbnZlcnNhdGlvbj9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
]

The Enduring, Pernicious Whiteness of True Crime [The Appeal
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/xnYr-Bg0dLsOqZNOL1ea0Q~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TGaHR0cHM6Ly90aGVhcHBlYWwub3JnL3doaXRlbmVzcy1vZi10cnVlLWNyaW1lLz9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
]

A Brutal Lynching. An Indifferent Police Force. A 34-Year Wait for Justice.
[GQ
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/l0vnNlmwz5bHUlqtQhK8uA~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TZaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZ3EuY29tL3N0b3J5L3RpbW90aHktY29nZ2lucy1jb2xkLWNhc2UtZmluYWxseS1zb2x2ZWQ_Y2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDA4MjkmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MjE3MTcmbmw9cmFjZSUyRnJlbGF0ZWQmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NyZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTM3MTU4JnRlPTEmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNVcDbnl0QgoAN1M1Sl_FA9i2UhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>
]

The Black American Amputation Epidemic [ProPublica
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/R3zZl4j6VZvdHw3EjGlSVg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TwaHR0cHM6Ly9mZWF0dXJlcy5wcm9wdWJsaWNhLm9yZy9kaWFiZXRlcy1hbXB1dGF0aW9ucy9ibGFjay1hbWVyaWNhbi1hbXB1dGF0aW9uLWVwaWRlbWljLz9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
]

EDITOR’S PICKS

We publish many articles that touch on race. Here are a few you shouldn’t
miss.
[image: Article Image]

Alyssa Schukar for The New York Times
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/rJQzeYO1KzkAa_s56dMc3w~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TdaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yOC91cy9ibGFjay1saXZlcy1tYXR0ZXItcHJvdGVzdC5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
  Black Lives Matter Grows as Movement While Facing New Challenges

Demonstrations against police shootings and a March on Washington on Friday
reflect a cause more enduring than many predicted.

By John Eligon
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/rJQzeYO1KzkAa_s56dMc3w~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TdaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yOC91cy9ibGFjay1saXZlcy1tYXR0ZXItcHJvdGVzdC5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
[image: Article Image]

D'Angelo Lovell Williams for The New York Times
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/S1XWAanchyBDHxV1lhwf6g~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0ThaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNS9tYWdhemluZS9ibGFjay12aXNpb25zLWNvbGxlY3RpdmUuaHRtbD9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
  FeatureHow a New Wave of Black Activists Changed the Conversation

George Floyd’s killing galvanized a nation. But small groups like the
queer-led collective Black Visions are channeling that energy into a
movement for political change.

By Jenna Wortham
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/S1XWAanchyBDHxV1lhwf6g~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0ThaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNS9tYWdhemluZS9ibGFjay12aXNpb25zLWNvbGxlY3RpdmUuaHRtbD9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
[image: Article Image]

Reg Warhurst/Shutterstock
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/BLOqgOQR1OcvKVBYtZDcTQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TgaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNi9zcG9ydHMvdGVubmlzL2FuZ2VsYS1idXh0b24tZGVhZC5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
  Angela Buxton, Half of an Outcast Duo in Tennis History, Dies at 85

She was Jewish, and the great Althea Gibson was Black, and in the
segregated world of 1950s tennis they forged a remarkable friendship as
champion doubles partners.

By Katharine Q. Seelye
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/BLOqgOQR1OcvKVBYtZDcTQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TgaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNi9zcG9ydHMvdGVubmlzL2FuZ2VsYS1idXh0b24tZGVhZC5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
[image: Article Image]

David Zalubowski/Associated Press
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/8gGCXMJfugXX9t4cYjxz8Q~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TjaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNy9zcG9ydHMvYmFza2V0YmFsbC9idWNrcy1qb2huLWhlbnNvbi5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
  ‘It Gives Me Chills’: An N.B.A. Player Talks Profiling and Protests

“At some point,” said John Henson, who was racially profiled in Wisconsin
in 2015, “it needs to be a loud enough message so that everyone says, ‘Hey,
this is not OK.’”

By Scott Cacciola
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/8gGCXMJfugXX9t4cYjxz8Q~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TjaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNy9zcG9ydHMvYmFza2V0YmFsbC9idWNrcy1qb2huLWhlbnNvbi5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
[image: Article Image]

Alyssa Schukar for The New York Times
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/vNyXHJ_Y-nAlSJc9KJeqbQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TaaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNi91cy9rZW5vc2hhLXdpc2NvbnNpbi10cnVtcC5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
  How Chaos in Kenosha Is Already Swaying Some Voters in Wisconsin

As residents see fires and looting, some worry that local Democratic
leaders are failing to keep control of the situation.

By Sabrina Tavernise and Ellen Almer Durston
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/vNyXHJ_Y-nAlSJc9KJeqbQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TaaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNi91cy9rZW5vc2hhLXdpc2NvbnNpbi10cnVtcC5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
[image: Article Image]

Charlotte Kesl for The New York Times
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/QQV1eBX-DItnb2K-aZUBvg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0T2aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNS9yZWFsZXN0YXRlL2JsYWNrcy1taW5vcml0aWVzLWFwcHJhaXNhbHMtZGlzY3JpbWluYXRpb24uaHRtbD9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
  Black Homeowners Face Discrimination in Appraisals

Companies that value homes for sale or refinancing are bound by law not to
discriminate. Black homeowners say it happens anyway.

By Debra Kamin
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/QQV1eBX-DItnb2K-aZUBvg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0T2aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNS9yZWFsZXN0YXRlL2JsYWNrcy1taW5vcml0aWVzLWFwcHJhaXNhbHMtZGlzY3JpbWluYXRpb24uaHRtbD9jYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDgyOSZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0yMTcxNyZubD1yYWNlJTJGcmVsYXRlZCZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3JnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MzcxNTgmdGU9MSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1VwNueXRCCgA3UzVKX8UD2LZSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
[image: Article Image]

Nicole Rifkin
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/VuKc8Rs3makFWcymMNHRRA~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TgaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNi91cy92b3RpbmctbWVhbmluZy13b21lbi1zdWZmcmFnZS5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
  11 Female Voices, From Age 13 to 110, on Why the Vote Matters

“Your right.” “A duty.” “A very sacred act.” A century after suffrage,
women reflect on what it means to them.

By Jennifer Harlan, Alisha Haridasani Gupta and Nicole Rifkin
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/VuKc8Rs3makFWcymMNHRRA~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRhLLpTP0TgaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wOC8yNi91cy92b3RpbmctbWVhbmluZy13b21lbi1zdWZmcmFnZS5odG1sP2NhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3JmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwODI5Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTIxNzE3Jm5sPXJhY2UlMkZyZWxhdGVkJnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0zNzE1OCZ0ZT0xJnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzVXA255dEIKADdTNUpfxQPYtlIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
[image: Article Image]

John Olson/The LIFE Picture Collection, via Getty Images
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  Feminist Factions United and Filled the Streets for This Historic March

In 1970, on the 50th anniversary of suffrage, the Women’s Strike for
Equality brought together a diverse group of protesters.

By Maggie Doherty
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