[Blackstudies-l] NYT Race/Related: The Hidden History of Slavery That Surrounds Us

Maria Lima lima at geneseo.edu
Sat Feb 29 08:20:55 EST 2020


Most sites of the slave trade are unmarked, including auction sites where
families were torn apart.
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[image: More Race/Related]
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February 29, 2020
[image: Author Headshot]
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By Adeel Hassan
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/_VxF-QzaoG7eSo5-r58Qeg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TFaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vYnkvYWRlZWwtaGFzc2FuP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
An advertisement that appeared in The Charlottesville Central Gazette on
Jan. 15, 1827, for the sale of Thomas Jefferson’s enslaved workers. One
hundred people were sold that day.From the American Antiquarian Society

For hundreds of years, enslaved people were bought and sold in America.
Today most of the sites of this trade are forgotten. As part of The 1619
Project, Anne C. Bailey, a professor of history at Binghamton University,
wrote about her research into slave auctions for a New York Times Magazine
article titled “They Sold Human Beings Here
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/gnv6Ae1Neqey6pImX2d9LQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0T7aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vaW50ZXJhY3RpdmUvMjAyMC8wMi8xMi9tYWdhemluZS8xNjE5LXByb2plY3Qtc2xhdmUtYXVjdGlvbi1zaXRlcy5odG1sP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
.”

She told me that the auction block represented the end to life as enslaved
people knew it. Family life was one bright spot in the long ordeal of
slavery, she said, but auctions ripped families apart.

Yet Dr. Bailey and her researchers found fewer than 50 marked auction
sites, while by some estimates there were 1.2 million slave sales between
1760 and 1860. Sites of African-American focus represent 2 percent of those
registered on the National Register of Historic Places, she told me, and
only a small portion of these are devoted to slavery. Here’s more from our
conversation, which has been edited and condensed:
Your report allowed readers to see a slave auction from the eyes of those
who were enslaved. How difficult was the research and writing?

There is no central registry of these auction sites. My research assistants
and I found less than 50 were marked and that was very surprising
considering there were 1.2 million slave sales between 1760 and 1860. Each
of those sales represented heartbreak for family members, for loved ones.
Their experience and their contributions must also not be forgotten.
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I say in my work that enslaved Africans were not just “hands,” as they
would be called in auction catalogs. They brought with them extraordinary
talents and gifts and technology — in the case of the Low Country Georgia
slaves, the ones whose experience I document in the Weeping Time slave sale
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/6CbxjkGwnTMcde27xDYjng~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0S2aHR0cHM6Ly9hbm5lY2JhaWxleS5uZXQvP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>,
for example, the technology of planting rice. This know-how, cultivated on
the continent for hundreds of years, is what made these rice planters among
the richest men in the country on the eve of the Civil War. I like to say
they were like the tech giants of their day.

For the unmarked sites, there are many ways to look. We chose to look first
at the slave narratives and the digitized archive of advertisements that
slaves placed after the Civil War when they were looking for their
relatives. In this way, we were assuming their perspective — what they
recalled about where they were sold or where their loved one was sold; what
fragments of information they had to go on when they were ardently
searching the country for mothers, brothers, sisters, wives, husbands.
Could you briefly tell us the story of one of these sites?

Monday is the 161st anniversary of the Weeping Time slave auction, which
took place on the eve of the Civil War. Four hundred and thirty-six men,
women and children — including 30 babies — were put on the auction block in
Savannah, Ga., in what became known as the largest slave sale in American
history.

There is a marker in what is now West Savannah near where the Ten Broeck
Race Course once stood, which was the actual location of the auction. The
enslaved were kept in the sheds meant for horses as they awaited sale. They
endured the horror of being separated from family and loved ones as though
they were sold in “family lots.” Family was narrowly defined: mother,
father, children. No grandparents, no cousins, no aunts and uncles. And for
those who were engaged but not married, they would be separated, perhaps
permanently.
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It was an awful two days in which it rained without respite until the end.
The slaves called this time “the weeping time.” I like to think that if
they could do nothing else, they named their experience so that people like
you and me would one day remember. Remember their hurt and their pain; but
also remember their contribution.
What has been the reaction to the article and your book?

I am happy to see that many are just as intrigued as I have been. They are
concerned about the erasure of the experience of these men, women and
children. Those who have contacted me or who read the article, or my book,
seem eager to do that. They don’t see this as something to be hidden away
but rather as something to resurrect and recover from our history.

There may be some healing there. It certainly is the case for me. I often
think about the fact that we can’t do anything about the past, but it is
what we do now that matters.
188 Main Street, Savannah, Georgia. MarkedDannielle Bowman for The New York
Times
Why does is matter so much to preserve these sites, many of which have
already been built over?

If in 2020, we agree that all lives matter, then all lives mattered then,
too, so we should find a way to demonstrate that. One way is to democratize
our landscape. At present, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center,
there are over 1,800 Confederate monuments and memorials; at the same time,
we have found less than 50 marked auction sites.
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If we are a nation committed to justice and a sense of fairness, this
should bother us. We ought to balance the scales and acknowledge what these
people endured yet still contributed to this country.

[Read Dr. Bailey’s article, with photographs by Dannielle Bowman, here.
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/gnv6Ae1Neqey6pImX2d9LQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0T7aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vaW50ZXJhY3RpdmUvMjAyMC8wMi8xMi9tYWdhemluZS8xNjE5LXByb2plY3Qtc2xhdmUtYXVjdGlvbi1zaXRlcy5odG1sP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
]
Overlooked
Blouin at a rally in Kikwit, Belgian Congo, in 1960. She supported the
Parti Solidaire Africain and became head of its women’s wing.Herbert Weiss

The New York Times has left many remarkable black men and women out of its
obituary pages over the years. We continued to tell their stories this
month with Overlooked
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/ven1kaxZFvJNb0LL4_Lzeg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TKaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vc3BvdGxpZ2h0L292ZXJsb29rZWQ_dGU9MSZubD1yYWNlL3JlbGF0ZWQmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDAyMjkmY2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MTYzNzImc2VnbWVudF9pZD0yMTc0NyZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1JnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcyMDIwMDIyOVcDbnl0QgoALOxSWl46qLnVUhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>,
a history project. Here are a few of the stories:

— Valaida Snow
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/Muy-M8eKS56i-P6tMM_3fQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0T8aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yMi9vYml0dWFyaWVzL3ZhbGFpZGEtc25vdy1vdmVybG9va2VkLWJsYWNrLWhpc3RvcnktbW9udGguaHRtbD90ZT0xJm5sPXJhY2UvcmVsYXRlZCZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDIyOSZjYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0xNjM3MiZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTIxNzQ3JnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzUmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NzIwMjAwMjI5VwNueXRCCgAs7FJaXjqoudVSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
(1904-56) was a talented performer and musician known as the “queen of the
trumpet,” but she was given fewer opportunities in the world of jazz
because she was a woman.

— Andreé Blouin
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/F5aNNR6dbVLvwWA086wekQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0T9aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8xNC9vYml0dWFyaWVzL2FuZHJlZS1ibG91aW4tb3Zlcmxvb2tlZC1ibGFjay1oaXN0b3J5LW1vbnRoLmh0bWw_dGU9MSZubD1yYWNlL3JlbGF0ZWQmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDAyMjkmY2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MTYzNzImc2VnbWVudF9pZD0yMTc0NyZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1JnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcyMDIwMDIyOVcDbnl0QgoALOxSWl46qLnVUhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>
(1921-86) fought alongside some of Africa’s most powerful leaders in
securing independence from French colonists after her son’s death
politicized her in a way nothing else could.

— Joseph Bartholomew
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/Y3cSPcYQe8bw2acrEsliww~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP4QCAWh0dHBzOi8vd3d3Lm55dGltZXMuY29tLzIwMjAvMDIvMDUvb2JpdHVhcmllcy9qb3NlcGgtYmFydGhvbG9tZXctb3Zlcmxvb2tlZC1ibGFjay1oaXN0b3J5LW1vbnRoLmh0bWw_dGU9MSZubD1yYWNlL3JlbGF0ZWQmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDAyMjkmY2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MTYzNzImc2VnbWVudF9pZD0yMTc0NyZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1JnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcyMDIwMDIyOVcDbnl0QgoALOxSWl46qLnVUhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>
(1888-1971) worked his way up from a caddy to a designer of some of the
best golf courses in Louisiana, but because he was black he was never
allowed to play a round.

— Homer Plessy
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/YPosF8UUP92enYBL7rl5Fw~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0T8aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMS8zMS9vYml0dWFyaWVzL2hvbWVyLXBsZXNzeS1vdmVybG9va2VkLWJsYWNrLWhpc3RvcnktbW9udGguaHRtbD90ZT0xJm5sPXJhY2UvcmVsYXRlZCZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDIyOSZjYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0xNjM3MiZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTIxNzQ3JnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzUmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NzIwMjAwMjI5VwNueXRCCgAs7FJaXjqoudVSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
(1863-1925) stood up for civil rights when he sat down on a train, leading
to one of the most notorious Supreme Court rulings in history.

Together these obits tell a story of resilience and determination amid
struggle. None of these people allowed societal restrictions to get in
their way; they all went on to achieve success.
— Amy Padnani
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/o5T0D5QxrhKDDoW-euM-tw~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0THaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vYnkvYW1pc2hhLXBhZG5hbmk_dGU9MSZubD1yYWNlL3JlbGF0ZWQmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDAyMjkmY2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MTYzNzImc2VnbWVudF9pZD0yMTc0NyZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1JnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcyMDIwMDIyOVcDbnl0QgoALOxSWl46qLnVUhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>,
creator of Overlooked
The New York Times
Is the Church Still the Center of the Black Vote?

Democrats are fighting for the crucial black vote in South Carolina today.
Churches have long played the primary role in mobilizing black support
there, but some activists are pushing for change. Explore the diversity of
the black electorate in this interactive article
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/idNWipYzX8dHv0To_-94hg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0S1aHR0cHM6Ly9ueXRpLm1zLzJJMkcwdDE_dGU9MSZubD1yYWNlL3JlbGF0ZWQmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDAyMjkmY2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MTYzNzImc2VnbWVudF9pZD0yMTc0NyZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1JnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcyMDIwMDIyOVcDbnl0QgoALOxSWl46qLnVUhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA>
.

EDITOR’S PICKS

We publish many articles that touch on race. Here are a few you shouldn’t
miss.
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/XZrWy76_6SKa_2FuQJTc1g~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TkaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNC9zY2llbmNlL2thdGhlcmluZS1qb2huc29uLWRlYWQuaHRtbD90ZT0xJm5sPXJhY2UvcmVsYXRlZCZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDIyOSZjYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0xNjM3MiZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTIxNzQ3JnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzUmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NzIwMjAwMjI5VwNueXRCCgAs7FJaXjqoudVSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
[image: Article Image]

NASA/Donaldson Collection, via Getty Images
  Katherine Johnson Dies at 101; Mathematician Broke Barriers at NASA

She was one of a group of black women mathematicians at NASA and its
predecessor who were celebrated in the 2016 movie “Hidden Figures.”

By Margalit Fox
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/XZrWy76_6SKa_2FuQJTc1g~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TkaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNC9zY2llbmNlL2thdGhlcmluZS1qb2huc29uLWRlYWQuaHRtbD90ZT0xJm5sPXJhY2UvcmVsYXRlZCZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDIyOSZjYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0xNjM3MiZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTIxNzQ3JnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzUmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NzIwMjAwMjI5VwNueXRCCgAs7FJaXjqoudVSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/-7ZOaZcohVdH4Ek1htE8Lg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TwaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNC91cy9wb2xpdGljcy90cnVtcC1ib3JkZXItbGVnYWwtaW1taWdyYXRpb24uaHRtbD90ZT0xJm5sPXJhY2UvcmVsYXRlZCZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDIyOSZjYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0xNjM3MiZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTIxNzQ3JnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzUmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NzIwMjAwMjI5VwNueXRCCgAs7FJaXjqoudVSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
[image: Article Image]

David Kasnic for The New York Times
  As Trump Barricades the Border, Legal Immigration Is Starting to Plunge

President Trump’s border wall is beginning to rise, but a thick curtain of
policy changes is more responsible for suppressing the flow of immigrants
into the country.

By Zolan Kanno-Youngs
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/-7ZOaZcohVdH4Ek1htE8Lg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TwaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNC91cy9wb2xpdGljcy90cnVtcC1ib3JkZXItbGVnYWwtaW1taWdyYXRpb24uaHRtbD90ZT0xJm5sPXJhY2UvcmVsYXRlZCZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDIyOSZjYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0xNjM3MiZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTIxNzQ3JnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzUmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NzIwMjAwMjI5VwNueXRCCgAs7FJaXjqoudVSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/lJC3qN22OcqDOEjb4t-qjw~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TvaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNi91cy91bmRvY3VtZW50ZWQtcG9wdWxhdGlvbi1zdHVkeS1tZXhpY2Fucy5odG1sP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
[image: Article Image]

Kendrick Brinson for The New York Times
  A Mexican Exodus Is Helping Shrink the Undocumented Population

The number of unauthorized residents in the United States is down to its
lowest point in more than 15 years. Mexicans, Poles and South Koreans are
all among those leaving.

By Miriam Jordan
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/lJC3qN22OcqDOEjb4t-qjw~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TvaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNi91cy91bmRvY3VtZW50ZWQtcG9wdWxhdGlvbi1zdHVkeS1tZXhpY2Fucy5odG1sP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/Z0oWSpVg1xU7SiO6um8Lbg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TgaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNS91cy9kb21lc3RpYy10ZXJyb3Jpc20tbGF3cy5odG1sP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
[image: Article Image]

Jim Wilson/The New York Times
  As Domestic Terrorists Outpace Jihadists, New U.S. Law Is Debated

Even as the menace from homegrown extremists grows more explicit, law
enforcement is wrestling with how to combat it.

By Neil MacFarquhar
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/Z0oWSpVg1xU7SiO6um8Lbg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TgaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNS91cy9kb21lc3RpYy10ZXJyb3Jpc20tbGF3cy5odG1sP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/fGR0016-eCwcqwDnqbpm4g~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TjaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNS9hcnRzL2hhbmstYXphcmlhLXNpbXBzb25zLWFwdS5odG1sP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
[image: Article Image]

Photographs by Erik Tanner for The New York Times
  Why Hank Azaria Won’t Play Apu on ‘The Simpsons’ Anymore

The veteran “Simpsons” voice actor explains why he stepped away from the
character, which has been criticized as a demeaning stereotype.

By Dave Itzkoff
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/fGR0016-eCwcqwDnqbpm4g~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TjaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNS9hcnRzL2hhbmstYXphcmlhLXNpbXBzb25zLWFwdS5odG1sP3RlPTEmbmw9cmFjZS9yZWxhdGVkJmVtYz1lZGl0X3JyXzIwMjAwMjI5JmNhbXBhaWduX2lkPTM3Jmluc3RhbmNlX2lkPTE2MzcyJnNlZ21lbnRfaWQ9MjE3NDcmdXNlcl9pZD0zOTM4ZjE3ZDgxODJhMjJmZGUxNDY3ZmY5ZDBiYjVjNSZyZWdpX2lkPTQyNzQwODk3MjAyMDAyMjlXA255dEIKACzsUlpeOqi51VIQbGltYUBnZW5lc2VvLmVkdVgEAAAAAA~~>
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/P0BvXrdMcyE2mZZcS2t10w~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TqaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNi91cy9rbG9idWNoYXItcHJvc2VjdXRvci1teW9uLWJ1cnJlbGwuaHRtbD90ZT0xJm5sPXJhY2UvcmVsYXRlZCZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDIyOSZjYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0xNjM3MiZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTIxNzQ3JnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzUmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NzIwMjAwMjI5VwNueXRCCgAs7FJaXjqoudVSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
[image: Article Image]

Erin Schaff/The New York Times
  Klobuchar Ramped Up Prosecutions, Except in Cases Against Police

The candidate has faced tough questions about a disputed murder conviction
and her record of seeking stiff sentences while declining to prosecute
police shootings.

By Richard A. Oppel Jr. and Richard Fausset
<https://nl.nytimes.com/f/newsletter/P0BvXrdMcyE2mZZcS2t10w~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgPNfsP0TqaHR0cHM6Ly93d3cubnl0aW1lcy5jb20vMjAyMC8wMi8yNi91cy9rbG9idWNoYXItcHJvc2VjdXRvci1teW9uLWJ1cnJlbGwuaHRtbD90ZT0xJm5sPXJhY2UvcmVsYXRlZCZlbWM9ZWRpdF9ycl8yMDIwMDIyOSZjYW1wYWlnbl9pZD0zNyZpbnN0YW5jZV9pZD0xNjM3MiZzZWdtZW50X2lkPTIxNzQ3JnVzZXJfaWQ9MzkzOGYxN2Q4MTgyYTIyZmRlMTQ2N2ZmOWQwYmI1YzUmcmVnaV9pZD00Mjc0MDg5NzIwMjAwMjI5VwNueXRCCgAs7FJaXjqoudVSEGxpbWFAZ2VuZXNlby5lZHVYBAAAAAA~>
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