[Blackstudies-l] Race on Campus: Higher Ed Has Always Been Unequal

Maria Helena Lima lima at geneseo.edu
Tue Aug 24 12:21:25 EDT 2021


What Adam Harris of <i>The Atlantic</i> learned while writing his new book,
<I>The State Must Provide.</i>

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Welcome to Race on Campus. Inequality is baked into higher education. Think
about it: Institutions with the most financial resources, including
flagship universities, enroll few Black students. That’s what Adam Harris
is arguing in his new book, *The State Must Provide*. Katie Mangan
interviewed our former colleague about his research for the book.

If you have ideas, comments, or questions about this newsletter, write to
me: fernanda at chronicle.com.


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Higher Ed Has Always Been Unequal

In 2018, Adam Harris, then a *Chronicle* reporter, brought our readers
to Mississippi
Valley State University
<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfFrEUSGZXUmUQz8aT1e_vnlHRaPd3kCySdq3DXyZpYwFgyo9yJ8GxiIHIj59Xq93-bvqnYlGCoIcWRtY1kcL4Ky8MWWuuSXUeRLlBplNDoIfnhTNZzdU4ueKxKLNDfY3II6DiqzU8Rf0M6QuHbMfOe84LPx38qo2mmc4On0XNuKzeEy-4V7MPeq_HRP75BzqCWbAhaPT9l-ySWn62BelTI__T69KjrLeb-Ib351wbE2K5Cjee7DBhS5Dl0A0WxgVungKC1VGkkbjNZFk5gpycqrONh9v_hfD8Xr-o2zYMkk4z9yudosQ1T-pCG1vu1daVkVPDbr7U7_LhG0Lf7Om29utXuIcjA9PiJ7PiJXKbUVEKJL_s724J0hJO759diYC52BuA9yNBPkLEGWVv7JC7KjhadORECjjees-za-P8HIcnJHOj94AMcplAn8Cb72Lc5n_BmQ1T8X8zlBDVPlL-AZN7CEwCtQH4j_nr74bpsnpCH1dlLRznmwZjY9xUqo2JrU_qcv1PziSJUPbbOwGRsU%3D>
for an inside look at how the Ayers settlement, the culmination of one of
the longest-running civil-rights cases in American history, had failed to
adequately atone for centuries of discrimination.

Harris, who now writes for *The Atlantic*, felt that his reporting on
inequities in higher education had only scratched the surface. There was
more to tell, and the result is a book released this month: *The State Must
Provide: Why America’s Colleges Have Always Been Unequal — and How to Set
Them Right.
<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfHBmopCvNfRy-RMk-qZGch6ySYaIb7Hwn4LKrpKFUcSDOT3viXSnmJESjfBT0MwL41oZJkLYLLKpcA2JAM5uuJjZkugqUApqgn4SXD08dea2LiUX3nMXeYdhksw-QGl6VJDJMWf9yYjLX-9eDuGTJHa_psmL8KshiBy3j7FeRTMK9jOnF_QnGJT4MvfaPhNr9hoXBR1DtJKn5YGUJMWSxEAuRN9AIdIExsiGRplVbwPBWQIzYhu3QckMFkqsuvfY-Hfe2rKoXS6_pCgl4jWVsicHoAIvkwNMyPcIuuL_hxtYQA2bhWkBteIYXsaWY_d1cifypMVMSC0RNcVWdCODYARUKf1O0XKvrznSqC0K4mINC3kRaDfS5ulP6ZGvTMrtOb9noIscvOY2Qlkx-HxukwoBH0thnfzvuP_TNn75ZBzok8pDfpnrIE4pSy680cpdylYx6Ke20OVDRWV-aNOWYKrtt2iVubLCUo9Eh1_RGISEIhU-YBgssWpuGlcjIa27TQ%3D%3D>*

I caught up with Adam to ask him about the book. This transcript has been
edited for length and clarity.

*I was struck in reading your book, Adam, by how frustrated and almost
incredulous you were at how deeply ingrained the racial barriers were in
the higher-education system. What made you decide to take such a deep dive
into the history of Black higher education?*

Part of it grew out of my own experience attending Alabama A&M University.
I had really great professors and classmates who challenged me. But the
buildings had structural problems, deferred maintenance, the kind of little
things that were very different from the predominantly white campus that
was maybe 10 minutes away.

Fast forward, I get to *The Chronicle,* and I started covering federal
higher-education policy and HBCUs and digging into these issues a little
more deeply. The *Ayers settlement
<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfJy1NN3GfWHesA2eZZmvdC6usD3Ha0-9PH9hoEGgI6jnUDODuJiQkLBioKJ-hx78BTzRRuL0lE0S3EsjHceT7iQ-T4VpFVsU0Fc9xDBDlsTOutlz2h9BHA2xyQS8KlVxMYr6txANTXFs-n6BwlIqNoponHP4S6gDrxbYCiLa_qekQ9X_y3piBK6MbeKZ2wlxPjQ2lodlsWSgtsFUxVBt2h-QFibiHeUiId3zqcLvDKZKVeUD4pMi_1uwU2xzDtvmYSZDD7bGu1zAVQCLmu4O2476tvRUxyMBwzmOBrNzE61We3FQRXHHsKJZ6oBpsFzkrY_jcpIEBB9oJtQNOh84c0_GaPQ8zKRHcu0VncfYtPJzNN8m0CkyZ2ds5R0C3270HlEz4qdFIKihNrOwms2vsz806zCcgLTW2IWCJdxnk4VNmh8QNrhWutNinTsLZ8wS3d4f9dukDKnKM8dOpV_T1pDQVK_xtG3ji0CZs_EKJfGd>*
in Mississippi was an incomplete settlement. So what did the situation look
like for the rest of the states that had settled with the federal
government — North Carolina, Kentucky and others? And knowing that a
majority of Black students do not attend historically Black colleges, what
is the experience like for them, given the wealth stratification happening
at this moment? A large proportion of Black students attend community
colleges, which are doing yeoman’s work but are often poorly funded or
treated as an afterthought.

*You write that American colleges and universities have never given Black
students a chance to succeed. When did you reach that conclusion?*

Once I started to poke into the roots of higher-education policy, I
realized that inequality was baked into the system. The Morrill Land Grant
College Act of 1862 created a class of land-grant institutions that Black
students could not attend. Even today, places with the most resources,
including flagships, have very small Black enrollments. Just 5 percent of
the enrollment at Auburn University is Black, despite the fact that roughly
30 percent of high-school graduates in Alabama are Black. States have grown
complacent about these issues because they know there won’t be any
repercussions for ignoring them.

*Whose responsibility is it to make up for the historic discrimination and
neglect you write about?*

I place a large onus on states and the federal government. The Biden
administration has effectively tripled federal funding for schools this
year. They’ll get about $3 billion compared to the $1 billion they
typically get. There’s a push to make those injections recurring. Some
states have also started to do that accounting. Tennessee State University,
for instance, is owed between $150 million and $550 million over a 50-year
span. But look at Alcorn State, which was supposed to receive a $50,000
allocation per year for a decade starting in 1871, and four years later,
it’s cut to $15,000 a year, and the next year it’s cut to $5,500 a
year.Think about what these institutions have still been able to do in
spite of that discrimination. North Carolina A&T is one of the highest
research-producing institutions in the state of North Carolina. If they did
not have to face that structural discrimination, what would they be? And so
I think that states have a fundamental responsibility to aid the
institutions that were supporting and serving Black students at a time when
flagships and other institutions were literally saying they would rather
close than enroll a Black student. It’s jarring how in-your-face the
discrimination was.

*In structuring the book, you zeroed in on some key historical figures like
George Washington Carver, who was born into slavery and had to fight his
way into becoming the first Black student at Iowa State to earn a bachelor
of science degree. Why the focus on these personal stories?*

I often feel that people think of higher education in the abstract. They
associate it with places like Harvard and Yale, but it’s also other
institutions. People connect with their local college rather than the
abstract idea of higher education because they can see it, they can feel
it. When you say Iowa accepted a land grant and created Iowa State, it
becomes a list of facts. But when you tell George Washington Carver’s
story, you learn about higher education through the way he interacted with
the system. I think that if higher education did a better job of centering
the people who experience it rather than the big ideas, people would have a
better understanding of the sector at large.

*Is there anything in reporting this that surprised you?*

I was surprised by the extent to which states resisted enrolling Black
students. When a student was trying to enroll at the University of
Oklahoma, and the Supreme Court said they had to enroll her there or at
least create a separate institution for her, they rushed the separate
institution into existence in five days. Kentucky did a study in the early
1900s and asked what would it take to enhance its historically Black
colleges. And a professor tells them the girls’ dorm is fire prone and it
doesn’t have fire escapes. The boys’ dorm is literally in a mud puddle. The
electrical plant doesn’t have power. The buildings are old, the professors
are underpaid, and the state’s like: “Well, we have $40,000. We can fix it
with that.” And he’s like, “That’s woefully insufficient.” They’ve known
and done these studies for so long and still allowed the institutions to
remain underfunded. Despite all that, the institutions have persisted.

*Why do you think that this book, with its unflinching look at racial
inequality in higher education, is important now?*

The book is coming out in an environment where state lawmakers are trying
to pass laws to ban examinations of this type — the ones that look at the
ways that slavery and segregation didn’t stay in the past, but their
vestiges extended to the present. That makes it all the more important to
have this conversation in this moment. The more people try to push back
against the truth, the more important it is to tell it.


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   - The pandemic-strained housing market threatens to further widen the
   gap between Black and white homeownership
   <http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfJy1NN3GfWHesA2eZZmvdC69jiV_Pu9NjIBGE1vbtZQPPCqFfmlP0FbHaAMX0UnSwOkKkRvpLGIfT9FsEh8hVEYebWpZYwnncGv-FfOu-WLj2r666qnDSvjAF1nTVEDFtlZ0_kkuwfTrJask3EGwVp2cCUcFl607R4-LexCXLxiKANQh56mB32TDGPlM6R_2jn_lqv1cDx3j93FUiOCgT3vkHsMhmgG8K6uWTbfFMhUNMLzW7hs7scBjvPNnVjAdrAWudsXz63-rATaOhYkaBCcLDQLkbM5gANxbFERYM6FvWu-NXDgbe_CP7jHYreAk3BZx9XSANPL3gNki15nfIong8b6rtOct_CB1_D4AFJ1GwhEhVlDKoMmfEjS_PUb6eZfHKj1DT6esMAEDJORp04cVWjxzOkILbMkV0Nu2qF0a8rc-zO2GlxXzKGsgjok2AGhmXCeEQoHfiLziiSJfEvqunuiyYOo6w2qGDQ9LLcI0>.
   (*The New York Times) *
   - Last summer, many companies — like Johnson & Johnson, Apple, and
   Procter & Gamble — pledged money to fight racism. Where has that money
   gone
   <http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfA68WJK92CvtJ3CpBV9PT8toI4DREX5Xt51iJKPyKfGr92DGaetGSBfW9_QluFyxr5plkARy4Lyuw55bmhw4JliHnKTsS9xp730RXWy8r8pBcpEkmKuQuYRkWuNAlbAi_lZsvpoX9b8BOYfLglGn6-HChK_S3dlQc4HdudaTa7SSxE8ds3sZOfk5mejpRs6u0zLdRoRsHKYziNJmfj7Vn8rFZjNvofTZJtR0Ha7Wdh4NGQUTlEZZ_n03JysYZ_dFpG4tCebNleRgV8CraWThoHyzBW7bsKhjqYnFw-5EfbZeob1paMEpSSnhkhHltJayo063ix-Q-f3WEfJ49syJMH8Sm0Z_UxbvPlLnizTnWsXJUYBeZvLQPh8BIUlUdIPxDdI0p5Q3OeqeyHm1accoK8j7apPS-fbU5L9gc43RyEXVWvC3CpnDmTHBa-X0u-Mj_lqwb_izaNTSUtKWKVN2Y1gc9B3I3t30fhKp6KHEk13ZKXBCa9xRGxQGELi92RYOprLhmMWiM1x-zd2u5mNy61NaT9TLwwEsOBfOeIKrzJ3O>?
   *(The Washington Post) *
   - When Adam Harris worked at *The Chronicle, *then-Education Secretary
   Betsy DeVos famously skirted national media questions and interviews. So
   Adam wrote about it
   <http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfFrEUSGZXUmUQz8aT1e_vnk_G9B3P2l0nXrwHSGfbOo4UnUZmavRh1pDz1gSNJE_tV2YeGxT7_NDZSgPStZ-RZZ4rdwkDfaziWRLcJzkwGRf4RoRT6RPbVhfBns6IaCTivVh0iOb_FKPaQr2xREW2_9I7hmvNdaf2gGloIfm74ctiSIdvcnQPLm5UI53HPuMwO6Mixk7nyeokYYHpbsqvKj6Z9k3JKfYnP_3YBgFirlCLbFhON_bPnHU_Ju1gi0ggzjMM14uDystsxztWBO86TBX-X_CDGPZ0Tlqf1OIb5XDPz2jGbbbbnog9lLoN27hWkLTGkHlZVAu_SCTCCF7ZBdk8mfRSggsFHwDM4tyz_KycvdnnH7BGk6AsKDFZJwhgmZgf8ym-Sf4Ri4VnhQXkANRFY5u2kKZ7lE8sgKaMbivm6lyirwARoBc17InncBeQImgzw3eoHRDB-2rUK61L_UBtcIQiLoFj5pbg3jUMRKP>.
   (*The Chronicle) *
   - Many American grocery stores still have an ethnic aisle. How do stores
   decide
   <http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfJy1NN3GfWHesA2eZZmvdC6s6dUhHIZK_gFjIF2YGGztqQBqMV4nMh3P19kqAZg2Lj7qVnn6UQDJ3027MHTzQsEL33GPc2lEwJnQFbHpKyQkFgNDatQdxbL-CH2y9EKFW_sAf40ELDh28SzaJgzBlAVqmY5g0Lc0WZ2GqWgY6Z_VUQ4G2M63X_aMK-Le6bA_nsnNwV0KX9uwM9Izj2CETRpAGg9uucD6b8heS-bcmMhwuch_Q6qf4Es9QfI0jPKJ5OZ_wJMnnasVDPnKCf0WMxYBIxMJqL8Pq4vU_jcNZUKD3N9j7Ep-plVhmSLDTaJVXJLSbs-GyyA3_XgTcU0WNgKkvPMdxhuwrEXB8Lf21by6mo170bCAzaMpxJQFzm4Hc_GAPuILBIrlH9nicSeq5fU0KoveCF7yC7eOxXFXdxVsGqWQ3vY6YXmYn8Z1fPCbH5sdk77JL03tONGeGj1RHgxeRFZH7RBtNBNulJ0M1P9v>
   which products to stock there and which to spread among other aisles? *(The
   New York Times) *
   - The number of Native students enrolled in college for the first time
   fell by nearly a quarter
   <http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfCQ1o__sYqTXDXixU2iUORVtCeyWlCCSXzek8-Y8756jYhlxo_Rr3NCr8hTSt884zcMQa70VfblmSkvyfLxIcP1vIWpXc5nJ5dcrQGf4hBJ-uliLgXfR7qxutHaeXIctoYSbRRKnY3ssB5rtheXWB97i7dRK5ixjARvmIhnChYLUkgdNxnm9Ryx2s5VR3YzevawfNgCI8XhndgPgvHj1kp3QBdzkliDKg4Mm4Gkk5lzZPjL9MSn1elwAi1R266JoD4C0uD3gV3gyOhRGtdJQnzTUwvxttNytnWBZQnru-u-mhRal0QW1t0taGairns9L_EFWFUh9vK1z1qAIPBjbN5-AoG6cAYJbNvYtN-QEzX_MIIGjoJCs0MUdR7IkoMSZinD4aXGXTupRGfBc9i4PNW-7VBdfBkPuBYgnOFSI23ZWxpgpK08aS9q6aZDRfBvNBY1yMPqe0IS5t5uPch4-znFvXsNVwKFYyZNk92PXpRwoxhaLfqBwkx9F__InpNJxgw%3D%3D>
   in the fall of 2020, according to figures from the National Student
   Clearinghouse. Experts worry
   <http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfOWkSt5ZNO4fwqT8Fj6OQlJZl6zbJ8WQGUvY7qsAgb81KcAxyR6O_k9bvOchBR0VUDI__Ev-pZ2WBHmcNVGD-seEnqVL3JXj31dXtx4aQ0J-nimpPMiioVuczp0QfON2yrwgJb-nifvCEjo8zQlkvHEKJEfA5GKHW0cP4Z6PzwgMMCQT69CNLQWUZwxveKlaVK_px6o3LxZklk4VIHFGxXA6qqng2uo5vfOQUKtzMYQNdLRYQFtTK1tcw57UhOjGem2Yj5_AtAcH3CiXiOXKRn1i8y4KTZNyw71lnYF_g_dsy9RSIMkWZUCV6ocqAenENySjlVQOTwmjg4QK1Pb7v4a4eVFn-dcvnqoe6OLvRLFay4ORk0bFDVsexzB1leGGibBoz-3XfMm2554uc0Ew-zg9fr0owuQVLL5o6aouDZBxWiHbGeWjsAg6TmWB7KiEo6EscBbWIBh2pshU4zz2YdkX5CLaoXSGoP8MTTnJP-GdIRWBcm9onciit2xgrJff2A%3D%3D>that
   if those students don’t get on track after the pandemic drop, there may be
   long-term consequences for Native communities. (*The Hechinger Report) *
   - Newly released U.S. Census data show how the racial makeups of cities
   have changed. Take a look at your city or neighborhood here
   <http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfA68WJK92CvtJ3CpBV9PT8sG0ozpcccfaugOUwW7ZTdgXPjUMyURu9fUO_gnis_0COJgJzgP9xSn9F-0k4t9xR8y3StqIzC2efntj-oXygb6bV0xgaHt6RRsC4lY72W0BNczicEGh8AUese7ePJ0Ejs8kyoOleiJ1p99caY4gSHG0e2ixll7QLTMvZreDdDnj_62IVmGd3vKnKeJVR9HbeK3IcU43oQeI6yiyIv5n0GcdgJp1V6C_0CeQCRp6_SwUJV4AhounyPvNEuSoTjPzodSzIqJDzUqhA48zkALHAtCtzUtTWG23Osx5AMfkA7dUd7ZypsVHpA7ofi0zIXUPnzUPxNts4Z2ItWCOklm8PlRloRUDXjZqq4JY8-RUEJLX5Pac5flYtNa0uaS3xjkSOwHHs_NzFohXVzZcswy0T_1qBrRaTD0fOdJmSReE8J8JgnR-gvNBQAynedk6PMwslHW9JTBPh9FLTUuM7FwTmPX>.
   *(The Washington Post) *

—Fernanda


<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfD1ihW4In47Db83PKfy1Hjtg0NUapAHEQsqqas6ZaD0fHkRlV2GZ0WmLRByQVHkxFyfuULZPX_Hu8AtvHqEAMpn1kteod8FLmy6SabahJe1W9K1Ho5RV7eLvH7rI7fDBd9TjhgkoE1BsAEITXk-gVkYrO8AoK4KMnjlr-LU9CO9LBAFEPOmVWbO2bGQPcFtSMlvTYaRfrimDDB3XPIUFs8xV6VzdPVR04arf5Ggt_XDl037MWyNMnNa9k4S3ef6f7eExLRAe9Wir_4NJG8Ij4w0xNQtt7IZahyN_OLDMPhaeOVbAZwwH5xOYKxVzKcuUkCqZRy3I9rhQXk0XA9NM8pW33DvIprhAMXk4k0UV7yKlLfkx_5cUXgVSuLA3mDmzCghbZjhC0MAmPs8KslvP1OAdyv2XXqfgEGB-ExQ3V2j2MWNI06WOr9h1OO2BhZlRPfdUV6tIuS7Rox9_po4pUcdHC6EJgCU0V7LwB3XGOVAvz9H_QjFWl7laBUzni01zBw%3D%3D>

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*Committed to Paying it Forward
<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfFrEUSGZXUmUQz8aT1e_vnn0Dg3URKdZUQtWD-QZbreZidXAv1WmaNjZchGJ422LeR_ZgovO5S7PAW8bdJHo2XToLlKCpCBnAGr8WS7LLH2lafAfBBCfa0TJqgRQp-Wynd4Oq7PzH9uiqfC8xlmB0XgwoOpjxg2oWKxmwu2yeyYTzZ8fvsnAtBwGlIMOlHx1VSjyyo4cz6M7dC2y9fFgfc78m9trVORJLWs7QLh5hQ3XKwRrrXdwtVeXQ-BbZHwRkQZIZDHfhyyFfMUdzEy6BTrH2DBtHVuucWFIPgtR0kNpuGm3eQpBG_S6G56ciEgPmzkhg6-yr2nU1UM0tiEYvUK7kULHSbZM_jbBYnQ7Y6ZNgQC5jMMNniGnFonVdXobpnA1H2orVFboz0AxpYPjgd_1ttWlG9p55U9C9P23CIjQtXSZ_DJVP_9l4UIdreAfs_Xm0s_JVdziQ5TN5mJJJzGE8KQuwQciIXVrbzUq9hsc7TBjB4Kmsb7xd76u_5XGRCSWgrVL4xBfBC3xfS-7gkct2ILYihP9LSCQL6X0ZzyZlbPKK5ZoUCBjyfaf-WgtYDYr8AL-4PmScHD99JPtiZk%3D>*

Recognizing her teachers, mentors and colleagues for her list of
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for countless students in all aspects of their development.

*FROM THE CHRONICLE STORE*
[image: The New Academic Workplace]
<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfHSW851CmjDT5XrJUuAQoZnJT3-f0zjZ1Q72clTQ4Zy7xE3CAXluIlZDvYHnk2F8vL8ZriInXy6OLXSeQBHmvEwvZytRitY4wsWuup2BWl9ySioUQ2F14J704rh22LqtL3Rm0CzkZ8GQScrg59lZ364uh_gxu5edJvQNz__wgzZxJk1GL16qK7QN7gx9foNzN8kRGVoxb-8MD45N9yJPbXnv9LQYdmio6EjlvWb1zk5qTOfH8tIuLqJBiiYLHlCMLgGQKjP1g2LdGuBdTH343KbnjFHYOXpYrqPp6lbtQjOrYyAfxsB8uheG7dfIqItKLH-2_1MuM_RBCffanetL-0M050iiI50ugkboXAQxnUHvQECLX5SLFu6MwEesq-sLrK-gydsGdEyQrEtteGXZD3qk--wscf0qjWD4TpfNpTBcIB5ygoxQkRZm2PatYhaw2owd1gzxsze9Ts8Y0fB4j8EWzlRIC4rRlRrvR8aNGzBo622-sZiO1QV8stv27oQxGyW0dm78N3E1MBL6GvJ2QmT7NWiFAt4W5zGVJCvb8nhDSxpqaKOnlegd4ZRX8JbdQIcas-05IKQw92DhNXLkqq8%3D>

*The New Academic Workplace
<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfHSW851CmjDT5XrJUuAQoZnJT3-f0zjZ1Q72clTQ4Zy7THHby5IBgg6l0BwAWQRDE1OtH7LFortr2tzsc2oXFelE4ilP6dN4RWPgz6Cgo44UHD1tJcwuqgqW2Fb1Bj56N1bNWR3AMADiUHKRnkbmuxYtRswUYbjVy39hPlLuAK-KAMXGeuyOjBGTicPcoWHYggJfrMN4hT4n41lhtGJ0ZiJu0_YqkgPRsp7YMxKuCfEeRgEkXjQaLOLyVZa2vUQLcm2GNAep317VkedAXhtxTOfnewzu-GW2BncSzURvc_VEJwOrEeR7c3jTWlbvz_nGvo8R-FEBN2ao-hpyh6uxbfREITwNxYtSaJfYpsoEIVvJSBaocVzPhiQtakDkp98ZY55TNQX7tXTlc5CYNe20VBKmz24HNZdxiEkPLUAzADaz6Z5WvMho6LBhebVC9FAD7opfIphukB3MT0KqoMAMPCgmtqNMw4C215onf46Mt0QTfpU3zWkMPvKdFTIJXUCDD8aQGMJJKNQTbVWEUxSXaXU%3D>*

Assess flexible-work options for your staff and keep a competitive edge
with this report full of expert advice and case studies, including data
from a *Chronicle* survey of administrators and human-resource
professionals. Visit the store to order your copy.
<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfHSW851CmjDT5XrJUuAQoZnJT3-f0zjZ1Q72clTQ4Zy7THHby5IBgg6l0BwAWQRDE1OtH7LFortr2tzsc2oXFelE4ilP6dN4RWPgz6Cgo44UHD1tJcwuqgqW2Fb1Bj56N1bNWR3AMADiUHKRnkbmuxYtRswUYbjVy39hPlLuAK-KAMXGeuyOjBGTicPcoWHYggJfrMN4hT4n41lhtGJ0ZiJu0_YqkgPRsp7YMxKuCfEeRgEkXjQaLOLyVZa2vUQLcm2GNAep317VkedAXhtxTOfnewzu-GW2BncSzURvc_VEJwOrEeR7c3jTWlbvz_nGvshPN4e1HRoNjioMN-PRYMhyypm-pqzkRztWRe7Z_Rrj0mdWOfAA3pzPGqJXy-Rq1JIjsOfhg_3tCynzpCw4CVNhrIYtK1zttne-TcMYqDP0MMBa1DCGDtxc7QopXZBalpEvvpq0iEzhvx5JFRxUCZESnPUcLiihPCCIf7iXcIOFYZj2RBzI3P1h92dgkgTcozm9qGT13nVFbvGgcxmQ8ms%3D>

*JOB OPPORTUNITIES*

<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=O5GubmdWcoHQkhh7i2hqfAJyuksRKD-zqgOlgmoFcljIvdFVh_uAzgNj8wekyk5N7rNKm3WmaJVdjhoKHfw3p6rGjyjSP4bVGL3ioZhEsVXMZtb0GdF2XG7rCwCBxx7bxNEwTpShubIt63MYR5eHbCC4jJvvRsve0o3WyVDlzrh-XnPXrQm1nETbBNDfD0-c5p_elCHbEd5yhARw9zmyK5X8bPI0cIxT6ZoyXaSogzP8bKMc7ebyu5N0plu9j2t8LB736xCqaO1P0iDhMb5uEmcEFf_6Til1WWKh4ohVIkj7HNiPIOn8Oo1r8W4proNPRhk1tJVs4U4A5jI_Y-qUaaOpUVFCQnpxw51kRQslyh0b5KJ_l-ICnD0rozfyd0S1w_oNUVEQNOHeYz1Ra3tFej2FINoev5xj7iGya25bsec%3D>

Apply for the top jobs in higher education and search all our open positions
<http://links2.newsletter.chronicle.com/u/click?_t=d6b85331c7f64991b3bfd8ac52407544&_m=10e4b89b021544d0bfd6b5c95585d1c4&_e=EWLIAZzLakyzxBVBHuaJR_gX6lp6ksC4On06dWR3D3koNY5bE0OGDVJOlI8On_QKzmshwHhvHwnqbmFAyYuwLmMsoU2D7jxmK0lUaTv1hWm4dsoRC_0NQ6Gz2YRJg1ZVOuRopPbs01s2AAndwTZ-1p4P4Oh4emqn0uqdtMsPhV0GFsNBSTTEduDgb-lsqh3fP9Hmzjb0QGtNTb_ZTRKZvDWdVd0M0p3lWnmVLfLVJffn_ntRVJdSg7__LZtUri3qvS4-7JLLTb63tSNJkfS2qCKu_qMDFL-uhO8TUVfOvvcbXVGgTef-kYyRWy52hQIt6G3oq3vCKw17znqvJUtKUcYiWquAbGKAPTRZw7GB3h08khRUt3iGEgRBNKYZCIS6INEiojQ4pIhkW_PdCBxHltAlV4_fPNe0MzMij06hpr4%3D>
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