<div dir="ltr"><div class="gmail_quote"><div dir="ltr"><div class="gmail_quote"><div dir="ltr"><div class="gmail_quote"><div class="gmail_quote"><blockquote class="gmail_quote" style="margin:0px 0px 0px 0.8ex;border-left:1px solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:1ex"><div class="gmail_quote"><blockquote class="gmail_quote" style="margin:0px 0px 0px 0.8ex;border-left:1px solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:1ex"><div dir="ltr"><div class="gmail_quote"><div dir="ltr"><div dir="ltr"><div style="font-family:garamond,serif;font-size:large"><div style="font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:small;margin:0px auto;max-width:600px"><br><br><table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border-collapse:collapse;width:600px"><tbody><tr><td style="border-collapse:collapse;direction:ltr;font-size:0px;padding:0px"><h2 style="color:rgb(0,0,0);font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;font-weight:400;font-stretch:normal;font-size:27.5px;line-height:37.5px;font-family:georgia,serif;margin:0px 0px 15px">The 1619 Project</h2></td></tr></tbody></table></div><div style="font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:small;margin:0px auto;max-width:600px"><table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border-collapse:collapse;width:600px"><tbody><tr><td style="border-collapse:collapse;direction:ltr;font-size:0px;padding:0px"><h3 style="margin:0px 0px 1px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;font-stretch:normal;font-size:18px;line-height:25px;font-family:georgia,serif;color:rgb(0,0,0)">Slavery and the American Revolution: A Historical Dialogue</h3></td></tr></tbody></table></div><div style="font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:small;margin:0px auto;max-width:600px"><table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border-collapse:collapse;width:600px"><tbody><tr><td style="border-collapse:collapse;direction:ltr;font-size:0px;padding:0px"><p style="margin:0px 0px 15px;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;font-stretch:normal;font-size:17px;line-height:25px;font-family:georgia,serif">Was the American Revolution a fight to secure freedom for all or a fight to preserve bondage for some? Did the patriots struggle for liberty or property? How should contemporary Americans regard the causes, character and legacy of the war that led to the nation’s founding?</p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><div style="font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:small;margin:0px auto;max-width:600px"><table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border-collapse:collapse;width:600px"><tbody><tr><td style="border-collapse:collapse;direction:ltr;font-size:0px;padding:0px"><p style="margin:0px 0px 15px;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;font-stretch:normal;font-size:17px;line-height:25px;font-family:georgia,serif">While our spirited conversation with some of the leading historians of the Revolutionary era and slavery in early America <a href="https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/xZgVXxgtFBvo_qILq1B_bg~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgN8mcP0TKaHR0cHM6Ly90aW1lc2V2ZW50cy5ueXRpbWVzLmNvbS8xNjE5ZGlhbG9ndWU_dGU9MSZubD1yYWNlL3JlbGF0ZWQmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDAyMjUmY2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MTYyNjgmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0yMTYwMSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1JnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcyMDIwMDIyNVcDbnl0QgoAIpxEVV4fHDabUhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA" style="color:rgb(40,110,208);border-bottom:1px solid rgb(40,110,208);text-decoration-line:none;font-family:inherit;font-size:inherit" target="_blank">is now sold out</a>, you can watch the live stream on <a href="https://nl.nytimes.com/f/a/cgNbg3Iz7Wu-UFP4CurBCQ~~/AAAAAQA~/RgRgN8mcP0S4aHR0cHM6Ly90d2l0dGVyLmNvbS9OWVRtYWc_dGU9MSZubD1yYWNlL3JlbGF0ZWQmZW1jPWVkaXRfcnJfMjAyMDAyMjUmY2FtcGFpZ25faWQ9MzcmaW5zdGFuY2VfaWQ9MTYyNjgmc2VnbWVudF9pZD0yMTYwMSZ1c2VyX2lkPTM5MzhmMTdkODE4MmEyMmZkZTE0NjdmZjlkMGJiNWM1JnJlZ2lfaWQ9NDI3NDA4OTcyMDIwMDIyNVcDbnl0QgoAIpxEVV4fHDabUhBsaW1hQGdlbmVzZW8uZWR1WAQAAAAA" style="color:rgb(40,110,208);border-bottom:1px solid rgb(40,110,208);text-decoration-line:none;font-family:inherit;font-size:inherit" target="_blank">The New York Times Magazine Twitter handle</a> during and after the event.</p></td></tr></tbody></table></div><div style="font-family:Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:small;margin:0px auto;max-width:600px"><table align="center" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" style="border-collapse:collapse;width:600px"><tbody><tr><td style="border-collapse:collapse;direction:ltr;font-size:0px;padding:0px"><p style="margin:0px 0px 15px;color:rgb(51,51,51);font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;font-stretch:normal;font-size:17px;line-height:25px;font-family:georgia,serif">Please join us.</p></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div></div><div class="gmail_quote"><blockquote class="gmail_quote" style="margin:0px 0px 0px 0.8ex;border-left:1px solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:1ex"><div><blockquote type="cite"><blockquote type="cite"><span style="font-family:garamond,serif;font-size:large">  </span><br></blockquote></blockquote><blockquote type="cite"><div><div dir="ltr"><div class="gmail_quote"><div dir="ltr"><div style="font-family:garamond,serif;font-size:large"><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-g-830326" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px auto 1.5625rem;padding:0em;border:0px;width:690px;float:left;word-break:break-word;display:inline-block;font-size:2rem;line-height:1.2;font-family:NYTKarnakDisplay"><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489element-custom-block-2912687234" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-sfid-2912687234" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px auto;padding:0px;border:0px;width:690px;float:none;display:inline-block"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">The 1619 Project</div></div></div></div></div><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-g-747555228" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px auto 1.5625rem;padding:0em;border:0px;width:690px;float:left;word-break:break-word;display:inline-block;font-size:1.5rem;line-height:1.2;font-family:NYTFranklinBold"><a id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-to2912687471" name="m_-70655058028261681_m_-5913343531406636623_m_-7038478905418482533_m_6278436738599455763_m_5905714843245214105_m_8257911673751956434_m_-631615680558774489_to2912687471" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;color:rgb(73,153,239)"></a><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489element-custom-block-2912687471" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-sfid-2912687471" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px auto;padding:0px;border:0px;width:690px;float:none;display:inline-block"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Slavery and the American Revolution:<br style="box-sizing:border-box">A Historical Dialogue</div></div></div></div></div><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-g-640422" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px auto 3.125rem;padding:0em;border:0px;width:690px;float:left;word-break:break-word;line-height:1"><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-g-89952" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px 6.89063px 0px auto;padding:0em 0px 0em 0em;border:0px;width:auto;float:left;word-break:break-word;font-size:1rem;font-family:NYTFranklinMedium;text-transform:uppercase;letter-spacing:1.5px;line-height:1.2"><a id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-to2912687237" name="m_-70655058028261681_m_-5913343531406636623_m_-7038478905418482533_m_6278436738599455763_m_5905714843245214105_m_8257911673751956434_m_-631615680558774489_to2912687237" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;color:rgb(73,153,239)"></a><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489element-custom-block-2912687237" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-sfid-2912687237" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;display:inline-block">MARCH </div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;display:inline-block">06</div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;display:inline-block">,</div></div></div></div></div><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-g-177675" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px auto;padding:0em;border:0px;width:auto;float:left;word-break:break-word;font-size:1rem;text-align:center;text-transform:uppercase;font-family:NYTFranklinMedium;line-height:1.2;letter-spacing:1.5px"><a id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-to2912687307" name="m_-70655058028261681_m_-5913343531406636623_m_-7038478905418482533_m_6278436738599455763_m_5905714843245214105_m_8257911673751956434_m_-631615680558774489_to2912687307" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;color:rgb(73,153,239)"></a><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489element-custom-block-2912687307" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-sfid-2912687307" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;display:inline-block">NEW YORK<span class="gmail_default" style="font-family:garamond,serif;font-size:large"> at 6:30 PM</span></div></div></div></div></div></div><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-g-595374" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px auto 1.875rem;padding:0em;border:0px;width:690px;float:left;word-break:break-word;display:inline-block;line-height:1.6;font-size:1.25rem;font-family:NYTFranklinMedium;letter-spacing:0.2px"><a id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-to2912687238" name="m_-70655058028261681_m_-5913343531406636623_m_-7038478905418482533_m_6278436738599455763_m_5905714843245214105_m_8257911673751956434_m_-631615680558774489_to2912687238" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px;color:rgb(73,153,239)"></a><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489element-custom-block-2912687238" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div id="m_-70655058028261681m_-5913343531406636623m_-7038478905418482533gmail-m_6278436738599455763gmail-m_5905714843245214105m_8257911673751956434gmail-m_-631615680558774489gmail-sfid-2912687238" style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px auto;padding:0px;border:0px;width:690px;float:left"><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">What inspired the American Revolution? Was it a fight to secure freedom for all or bondage for some? Did the Patriots struggle for liberty or property? How should contemporary Americans regard the causes, character and legacy of the war that led to the nation’s founding? In recent months, some questions about the role of slavery in the American Revolution have been at the center of a raging debate triggered by The New York Times Magazine’s 1619 Project. To dig more deeply into the history of this period, The Times has convened an evening of informed discussion with leading scholars of the era, historians with a range of views who have done primary research on the Revolutionary Era and slavery in early America and will speak to the evidence and source material underlying the debate.</div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><br style="box-sizing:border-box">Arguments about the nation’s founding are nothing new. Almost since the moment the first bullets flew, 250 years ago in March 1770, debates about the causes of the Revolution have proliferated. Every decade since, Americans’ understanding of the war has been deepened by new sources and new historical scholarship. Today in an age of disinformation and propaganda, it is critical to understand not only our history, but our historiography, the complex and contentious ways that American historians have built on the work of their predecessors, revising and clarifying the story of our nation’s past.</div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><br style="box-sizing:border-box">Join us on March 6, 2020, for a spirited conversation with historians whose original research has helped us understand the complicated moment that gave birth to our republic. </div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><br style="box-sizing:border-box">The panelists are:</div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><br style="box-sizing:border-box"><strong style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Annette Gordon-Reed </strong></div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Charles Warren Professor of American Legal History and Professor of History, Harvard University</div><p style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"> </p><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><strong style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Eliga Gould </strong></div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Professor of History, University of New Hampshire</div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><br style="box-sizing:border-box"><strong style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Gerald Horne </strong></div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Moores Professor of History and African American Studies, University of Houston</div><p style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"> </p><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><strong style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Alan Taylor</strong></div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Thomas Jefferson Foundation Chair, Department of History, University of Virginia</div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><br style="box-sizing:border-box"></div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><strong style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Karin Wulf, Moderator</strong></div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px">Executive Director of the Omohundro Institute of Early American History & Culture and Professor of History, College of William & Mary</div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><br style="box-sizing:border-box"></div><div style="box-sizing:border-box;margin:0px;padding:0px;border:0px"><br style="box-sizing:border-box;letter-spacing:0.2px"></div></div></div></div></div></div><div><div dir="ltr"><div dir="ltr"><div><div dir="ltr"><div></div></div></div></div></div></div></div>
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